Can Diabetes be prevented?

High Risk for Diabetes are:
African-American, American-Indian, Asian-American, Pacific Islander, or Hispanic/Latino.



Type 1 diabetes, formerly called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is usually first diagnosed in children, teenagers, or young adults. In this form of diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas no longer make insulin because the body’s immune system has attacked and destroyed them. Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes taking insulin shots or using an insulin pump, making wise food choices, exercising regularly, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol, and taking aspirin daily—for some.

Type 2 diabetes

What is Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes, formerly called adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes. People can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood.

This form of diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin properly. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, however, it loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to meals. People who are overweight and inactive are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

Some women develop gestational diabetes late in pregnancy. Although this form of diabetes usually goes away after the baby is born, a woman who has had gestational diabetes is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life. Gestational diabetes is caused by the hormones of pregnancy or a shortage of insulin.

Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. People with diabetes have problems converting food to energy. After a meal, food is broken down into a sugar called glucose, which is carried by the blood to cells throughout the body. Cells use the hormone insulin, made in the pancreas, to help them process blood glucose into energy.

People develop type 2 diabetes because the cells in the muscles, liver, and fat do not use insulin properly. Eventually, the pancreas cannot make enough insulin for the body’s needs. As a result, the amount of glucose in the blood increases while the cells are starved of energy. Over the years, high blood glucose damages nerves and blood vessels, leading to complications such as heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, nerve problems, gum infections, and amputation.

Januvia Oral Uses

Sitagliptin is used with a proper diet and exercise program and possibly with other medications to control high blood sugar. It is used in people with type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes. Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke.

Sitagliptin is an anti-diabetic drug that works by increasing levels of natural substances called incretins. Incretins help to control blood sugar by increasing insulin release, especially after a meal. They also decrease the amount of sugar your liver makes.

This medication should not be used to treat people with type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes).

How To Use Januvia Oral

Read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist before you start using sitagliptin and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Take this medication by mouth with or without food, as directed by your doctor, usually once daily.

The dosage is based on your medical condition, kidney function, and response to treatment. Take this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day. Carefully follow the medication treatment plan, meal plan, and exercise program your doctor has recommended.

Check your blood sugar regularly as directed by your doctor. Keep track of the results, and share them with your doctor. Tell your doctor if your blood sugar measurements are too high or too low. Your dosage

Januvia is a once daily solution for type 2 diabetes.

An individual that has been diagnosed with type 1, should not take this kind of tablet.

With the correct lifestyle change of diet and exercise, this pill can control and maintain safe levels of glucose in the system.
It works with the pancreas to provide enough insulin naturally. It enhances the need to digest harmful sugars and carbohydrates in the system quickly and effectively. An individual can safely use the Januvia with other diabetes medication.
However, never mix medications without prior consent for an individual’s doctor.
Long-term damage can happen if the proper medication is not taken. This medication has not been tested with an insulin treatment.

An individual will discuss with their doctor on the finer points of taking this medication.
A medical care provider may lower or up the dose.
This depends on the individual’s system requirements as well as lifestyle. With controlled diet and exercise, this pill may be the only medication that is needed.
The doctor will decide on the correct treatment for each individual’s case. There is certain information that a person should be aware of when they use the Januvia tablets.

1. An individual that has had allergic reactions to diabetes medication should talk this over with their doctor. These are fairly rare but can be extremely dangerous.

2. A person with problems with their kidneys should discuss this matter with their physician. Tests and adjustments to the medication may be need. In more severe cases, Januvia cannot be taken.

3. When a woman is pregnant or thinking about becoming pregnant, the doctor should know. However, there are no known effects on an unborn baby when taking Januvia tablets. Nevertheless, this medication can be found in the mother’s milk. This can be harmful to a nursing infant. Consult a doctor on this matter for the best course of action.

4. This medication does not need to be taken with food. However, it is vital to follow the physician’s instruction to a tee. It is also important to store these tablets in a dry, cool area. Do not refrigerate and keep away from heat and light sources.
An individual may experience mild side effects when taking the Januvia medication. It is important that the medical care provide has all of the patient’s history documentation. Side effects are usually rare; however some mild symptoms may appear.
If an individual experiences anything out of the ordinary or symptoms persist, contact a doctor immediately.
Most of the side effects are mild. Usually, these symptoms will leave by themselves.
Typically, they do not bother an individual enough to stop taking the Januvia medication.

1.Cold like symptoms can be present in the Januvia medication side effects. This is fairly common. It is important that a person does not take over-the-counter cold medication without first asking their doctor. If this persists longer than a common cold, an individual may wish to seek medical advice.

2.Infections may occur and cause trouble breathing or a person may wheeze. This is a common problem, however if this becomes worse or lasts for a long period of time, seek medical advice.

3.Headaches can come and go when taking the Januvia medication. If severe pain is present, seek medical attention right away. The mild headaches can be relieved for certain over-the-counter pills. Ask the doctor in charge on which kind should be consumed.

4.Stomach problems may occur. However, the conditions are usually light and will go away on their own. If discomfort or severe pain is continuous, seek a physician’s assistance.

[Top]

Can type 2 diabetes be prevented?

Research has demonstrated that people at risk for type 2 diabetes can prevent or delay developing type 2 diabetes by losing a little weight. The results of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) showed that moderate diet changes and physical activity can delay and prevent type 2 diabetes. Participants in this Federally funded study of 3,234 people at high risk for diabetes experienced a 5- to 7-percent weight loss. For example, a 5- to 7-percent weight loss for a 200-pound person would be 10 to 14 pounds.

Study participants were overweight and had higher than normal levels of blood glucose, a condition called pre-diabetes, also called impaired glucose tolerance. Both pre-diabetes and obesity are strong risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Because of the high risk for diabetes among some minority groups, about half of the DPP participants were African American, American Indian, Asian American, Pacific Islander, or Hispanic/Latino.


DPP participants also included others at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes, such as women with a history of gestational diabetes and individuals aged 60 and older.

diabetes - Lake

The DPP tested two approaches to preventing diabetes: lifestyle change—a program of healthy eating and exercise—and the diabetes drug metformin. People in the lifestyle change group exercised about 30 minutes a day 5 days a week, usually by walking, and lowered their intake of fat and calories. Those who took the diabetes drug metformin received information on exercise and diet. A third group only received information on exercise and diet.

diabetes - Jogging

The results showed that people in the lifestyle change group reduced their risk of getting type 2 diabetes by 58 percent. In the first year of the study, people lost an average of 15 pounds. Lifestyle change was even more effective in those aged 60 and older. They reduced their risk by 71 percent. People receiving metformin reduced their risk by 31 percent.


[Go Top]




Most of This valuable information gets to you thanks to Source: National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse

1 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892–3560



Disclaimer

All material herein is provided for information only and may not be construed as personal medical advice. No action should be taken based solely on the contents of this information; instead, readers should consult appropriate health professionals on any matter relating to their health and well-being. The FDA has not evaluated these statements. None of the information or products discussed on this site are intended to diagnose, treat, mitigate or cure any disease.


| Links | Disclaimer | Privacy | Site Map