MSG

MSG__M_ Monosodium glutamate, also known as sodium glutamate and MSG, is a sodium salt of the non-essential amino acid glutamic acid.

It is used as a food additive and is commonly marketed as a flavour enhancer. It has the HS code 29224220 and the E number E621.

Trade names of monosodium glutamate include Ajinomoto, Vetsin, and Accent. Although traditional Asian cuisine uses flavour-enhancing ingredients which contain high concentrations of MSG, it was not isolated until 1907.

MSG was subsequently patented by the Japanese Ajinomoto Corporation in 1909.

In its pure form, it appears as a white crystalline powder; when dissolved in water (or saliva) it rapidly dissociates into sodium cations and glutamate anions (glutamate is the anionic form of glutamic acid, a naturally occurring amino acid).

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